Hello, let me help with these
ところで ぶひんを はずされてしまった
"By the way, the accessories have been removed" (accessories could also mean "parts", and the line could also read "I have removed the accessories" or similar constructions, depending on context)
"What is my position?"
せんしのながの せんしの カート
this one is weird, it sounds something like "The cart of the longest-lasting among soldiers", unless カート is a name (like "Curt"), then the translation would be "Curt, the longest-lasting among soldiers"
"Emblem of the Ceramic (?) Order of Knights"
Hmm, that ヂクタークミ sounds like some game-original name (possibly a katakana writing of something usually written in kanji). For the sake of this translation, I'll just give it a quick romanization.
"Received the amulet of Jictarkmy"