« on: October 01, 2013, 03:00:43 pm »
Each Pokémon is of one or two types. Most of the types were introduced in the Red/Blue/Green/Yellow generation. Two more were introduced in the immediate sequel generation, Gold/Silver/Crystal. After that they left it alone until the games coming out later this month. At least one new type is being added.
Attacks are also typed, but only are of one type. Pokémon can use attacks of types that do not belong to them, even to the point of using attacks they'd normally be weak against sometimes.
As for the badges? They've been there since the beginning. Basically, one of the two primary goals of the catch, besides catching them all, is to obtain eight badges from your region's Pokémon gyms and then go up, beat the snot out of four people who are known as the Elite Four, and become the Pokémon Champion.